Wednesday, September 5, 2012

The Tomb Of Mother Eve


File photo of Mother Eve tomb in the 1920's
In one of the oldest neighborhoods in Jeddah lies a legend as old as time itself and one that is crumbling away into oblivion - the tomb of biblical Eve.

As the holy month of Ramadan enters its final days, some Saudi families in Jeddah will be visiting the graves of their loved ones as part of their Eid tradition that revolves around love, joy and kinship, with one particular mother remembered along with the rest.
"My mother's grave lies in the same cemetery as that of the mother of all humanity, Hawa (Eve)," said Sami Nawar, the General Director for Culture and Tourism in Jeddah.
For the skeptics, there is an actual sign marking "Our Mother Eve" graveyard hanging on the main green metallic gate of one of the oldest cemeteries of Jeddah in the heart of the Al Balad neighborhood.
Mr. Nawar is from one of hundreds of Saudi families that have relatives buried in "Mother Eve's Graveyard", and he takes it upon himself to inform Saudi visitors to this site, keeping the "legend" alive even in the absence of scientific proof.
"Famous Arab travelers like Ibn Battuta and historians that have passed through here hundreds of years ago and even some of Prophet Mohammed's (PBUH) companions have made reference to Eve's tomb in this area," said Mr. Nawar, who explains that the name of the city itself , Jeddah; if pronounced a certain way, means "grandmother".
"And who is the grandmother of everyone?" he said, unable to hide his enthusiasm for the legend."If it is a lie, then it is a thousand of years old lie," he said.
Mr. Nawar figures the tomb was 120 meters long, three meters wide and six meters high, that is before it began to fall apart through the centuries.
 "It is a shame, all we have now is its location, the main gate and stories of its existence," he said, dating the last pieces of the tomb's skeleton to the 1920s.
The common legend that Eve was more than a 100 meters tall is unlikely, according to Mr Nawar, who said he has an old photo showing that inside the large tomb was an average-sized tomb.
"I am still researching this, it is hard given that there is no one alive who remembers the tomb as it was from the 1920s," he said.
The Quran, like the Bible and Torah, tells the story of Adam and Eve and how they were expelled from Paradise after disobeying God by eating the forbidden fruit. There is no mention of where they ended up on earth, but according to Arab tradition, it is believed that Adam and Eve led separate lives. Adam went to Makkah, 70km away from Jeddah, where God ordered him to build the Kaaba, the sacred black rock that Muslims around the world face during their five daily prayers; while it appears Eve lived in the area known now as Jeddah, the entry point for pilgrims heading to Makka.
 "There is no definite way of knowing where exactly the tomb is, as some say it is somewhere in Palestine and others say it in Saudi Arabia, who knows," said Frauke Heard-Bey, a German-British historian, published author and an expert on the Gulf.

Ms Heard-Bey, along with other experts, explained that part of the problem of finding any conclusive evidence about the tomb of Eve in Saudi is in their manner of maintaining historic sites and monuments, where the strict Wahhabi doctrine forbids the maintenance of artifacts because this could lead to "shirk" - polytheism - associating any other figure with God.

The green metal gate leading to the graveyard
where the tomb of Mother Eve is located
"Based on what they saw happening in other religions and with the Shiites, where a revered person is turned into a saint once dead, Wahhabism eliminated any chances of that happening by having unmarked graves," Ms. Heard-Bey said.

Tombs, objects and homes of venerated people whether historic or religious are destroyed because "they (Wahhabists) don't want anything to intrude between the relationship of the worshipper with God", she said.
Sami Angawi, an architect and historian in Saudi Arabia who has been a long-standing critic of the lack of preservations of historic artifacts and monuments, agreed with Ms Heard-Bey.
"Tombs are not preserved in Saudi Arabia and visiting graves is not encouraged as Wahhabists believe that they could lead to Bedaa (a frowned upon invention that undermines the orthodoxy of Islam) and eventually to shirk." Mr. Angawi said.
 "Systematically", over the past 80 years, historic artifacts and sites have been cleared off because of the strict Wahhabi doctrine and for the sake of expansion for the pilgrims whose numbers are increasing each year.
 "Eve's tomb is now just a flat hole among a graveyard of unmarked tombs," he said.
"It was left to deteriorate, and all we have left is the legend, which will live on and be passed on to the next generations," he said.



Credits & Acknowledgement:

I would like to acknowledge Rym Ghazal  - a journalist par excellence and  The National - Abu Dhabi Media company's first English-language publication in the UAE for allowing me to publish this interesting article in my personal blog spot for the distinct purpose of sharing with my valued readers.

Source: http://www.thenational.ae/news/world/middle-east/in-unmarked-saudi-tomb-lies-grandmother-of-everyone

Credit: File Photo www.flickr.com

Saturday, August 11, 2012

The Wrath of Habagat

More than two million people in and around the Philippine capital battled deadly floods Wednesday, August 8 amid relentless monsoon rains, with neck-deep waters trapping slum dwellers and the wealthy on roofs.

Sixty per cent of Manila remained under water and vast tracts of surrounding farmland were also submerged as the deluge "Habagat" (West Monsoon), or the seasonal reversing wind accompanied by changes in precipitation stretched into its third day. The roads in some areas are like rivers. People have to use boats to move around. All the roads and alleys are flooded after surveying the megacity of 15 million people from the air.


Aerial view of the massive floodings

60% of Metropolitan Manila area was under flood water


The death toll from the week's rain in Manila and nearby provinces rose to 20 on Wednesday after four more people drowned. This brought the confirmed number of people killed across the country since a typhoon triggered heavy rains in late July to 62.

State weather forecasters PAGASA said more than 70 centimeters (27 inches) of rain -- well over the average for all of August -- had fallen in 48 hours, and warned of more to come overnight Wednesday.



70 centimeters of rain had fallen in less than 48 hours

Water level level at the La Mesa Dam, Quezon City reaches
spilling level on Monday following a night of heavy rains

Waist-deep waters sorround the Manila City Hall
as rains continueswithout let-up on Tuesday 


The worst hit parts of Manila were mostly the poorest districts, where millions of slum dwellers have built homes along riverbanks, the swampy surrounds of a huge lake, canals and other areas susceptible to flooding.

Some of Manila's richest districts were also affected, including the riverside community of Provident Village in Marikina City where water had inundated the ground floors of three-storey mansions.

Inside the gated village of about 2,000 homes, rescue workers on a motorized rubber boat drove past submerged luxury cars to retrieve children and the elderly from rooftops.

Across Manila and surrounding areas, 1.23 million people were affected by the floods, 850,000 of whom had to flee their submerged homes, according to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council.

Nearly 250,000 of them were sheltering in schools, gymnasiums and other buildings that have been turned into evacuation centers, while others were staying with relatives and friends, the council said.



Pedestrians braving the waist-deep flooded street

Rescue team plucking pedestrians in the neck-deep flood


A government worker reported that the biggest problem for the relief effort was getting enough volunteers to deliver food, water and other emergency supplies.


The Philippines endures about 20 major storms or typhoons each rainy season, many of which are deadly.

But this week's floods in Manila were the worst in the capital since 2009, when Typhoon Ketsana (Ondoy) killed more than 460 people.

The typhoons and storms typically start in the warm waters of the Pacific Ocean, and then roar west towards the Philippines and onwards to other parts of Southeast Asia, or further north to Taiwan, mainland China and Japan.






Wednesday, August 1, 2012

WHO: Ebola in Uganda

The Ministry of Health (MoH) of Uganda has notified WHO of an outbreak of Ebola haemorrhagic fever in Kibaale district in the western part of the country.

A total of 20 cases, including 14 deaths have been reported since the beginning of July 2012. The index case was identified in a family from Nyanswiga village, Nyamarunda sub-county of Kibaale district, where nine of the deaths were recorded. The deceased include a clinical officer who attended to a patient, and her four month-old child. Nine of the 14 deaths have occurred in a single household.

Laboratory confirmation was done by the Uganda Virus Research Institute in Entebbe.

Currently, two patients are hospitalized and are in stable condition. The first is a 38 year-old female who attended to her sister, the clinical officer who died. She was admitted to the hospital on 26 July 2012. The second is a 30 year-old female who participated in conducting the burial of the index case. She was admitted to the hospital on 23 July 2012. Both cases were admitted to hospital with fever, vomiting, diarrhoea and abdominal pain. Neither of the cases has so far shown bleeding, a symptom that often appears in viral haemorrhagic fever patients.

The MoH is working with stakeholders and partners to control the outbreak. Response plans at the national and district levels are being finalised. A national task force coordinated by the MoH has been re-activated at the MOH headquarters and holds daily meetings. In Kibaale a district task force has been formed to better coordinate field response. The neighbouring districts have been put on high alert about the outbreak and to step up surveillance.

A team of experts from MoH, WHO and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is in Kibaale to support the response operations. All possible contacts that were exposed to the suspected and confirmed cases since 6 July 2012 are being identified for active follow up. The necessary supplies and logistics required for supportive management of patients are being mobilized.

Kibaale hospital has established a temporary isolation ward for suspected, probable and confirmed cases. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), Holland, has mobilized necessary requirements for setting up isolation centre at the hospital. The MoH and Mulago Hospital have mobilized some staff to manage the isolation centre but more are urgently needed.
The MoH has advised the public to take measures to avert the spread of the disease and to report any suspected patient to the nearest health unit.

WHO does not recommend that any travel or trade restrictions are applied to Uganda.


Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever

The Ebola virus belongs to the Filoviridae family (filovirus) and is comprised of five distinct species: Zaïre, Sudan, Côte d’Ivoire, Bundibugyo and Reston.

Zaïre, Sudan and Bundibugyo species have been associated with large Ebola haemorrhagic fever (EHF) outbreaks in Africa with high case fatality ratio (25–90%) while Côte d’Ivoire and Reston have not. Reston species can infect humans but no serious illness or death in humans have been reported to date.
Human infection with the Ebola Reston subtype, found in the Western Pacific, has only caused asymptomatic illness, meaning that those who contract the disease do not experience clinical illness. The natural reservoir of the Ebola virus seems to reside in the rain forests of the African continent and in areas of the Western Pacific. There is evidence that bats are involved, but much work remains to be done to definitively describe the natural transmission cycle.

Transmission

The Ebola virus is transmitted by direct contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other body fluids of infected persons. Burial ceremonies where mourners have direct contact with the body of the deceased person can play a significant role in the transmission of Ebola.

The infection of human cases with Ebola virus through the handling of infected chimpanzees, gorillas, and forest antelopes – both dead and alive – has been documented in Côte d'Ivoire, the Republic of Congo and Gabon. The transmission of the Ebola Reston strain through the handling of cynomolgus monkeys has also been reported.
Health care workers have frequently been infected while treating Ebola patients, through close contact without correct infection control precautions and adequate barrier nursing procedures.

Incubation period: two to 21 days.

Symptoms

Ebola is characterized by the sudden onset of fever, intense weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is often followed by vomiting, diarrhea, rash, impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding. Laboratory findings show low counts of white blood cells and platelets as well as elevated liver enzymes.

Diagnosis

Specialized laboratory tests on blood specimens detect specific antigens and/or genes of the virus. Antibodies to the virus can be detected, and the virus can be isolated in cell culture. Tests on samples present an extreme biohazard risk and are only conducted under maximum biological containment conditions. New developments in diagnostic techniques include non-invasive methods of diagnosis (testing saliva and urine samples) and testing inactivated samples to provide rapid laboratory diagnosis to support case management during outbreak control activities.

Therapy and Vaccine

Severe cases require intensive supportive care, as patients are frequently dehydrated and in need of intravenous fluids or oral rehydration with solutions containing electrolytes.
No specific treatment or vaccine is yet available for Ebola hemorrhagic fever. Several potential vaccines are being tested but it could be several years before any is available. A new drug therapy has shown some promise in laboratory studies and is currently being evaluated.

Experimental studies using hyper-immune sera on animals have shown no protection against the disease.

Containment

Suspected cases should be isolated from other patients and strict barrier nursing techniques implemented.
Tracing and follow up of people who may have been exposed to Ebola through close contact with patients are essential.

All hospital staff should be briefed on the nature of the disease and its transmission routes. Particular emphasis should be placed on ensuring that invasive procedures such as the placing of intravenous lines and the handling of blood, secretions, catheters and suction devices are carried out under strict barrier nursing conditions. Hospital staff should have individual gowns, gloves, masks and goggles. Non-disposable protective equipment must not be reused unless they have been properly disinfected.

Infection may also spread through contact with the soiled clothing or bed linens from a patient with Ebola. Disinfection is therefore required before handling these items. Communities affected by Ebola should make efforts to ensure that the population is well informed, both about the nature of the disease itself and about necessary outbreak containment measures, including burial of the deceased. People who have died from Ebola should be promptly and safely buried.

Contacts

As the primary mode of person-to-person transmission is contact with contaminated blood, secretions or body fluids, people who have had close physical contact with patients should be kept under strict surveillance. Their body temperature should be checked twice a day, with immediate hospitalization and strict isolation in case of the onset of fever. Hospital staffs that come into close contact with patients or contaminated materials without barrier nursing attire must be considered as contacts and followed up accordingly.

Early History

The Ebola virus was first identified in a western equatorial province of Sudan and in a nearby region of Zaïre (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo) in 1976 after significant epidemics in Yambuku in northern Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Nzara in southern Sudan.

About 1850 cases with over 1200 deaths have been documented since the Ebola virus was discovered.

Natural Reservoir

The natural reservoir of the Ebola virus is unknown despite extensive studies, but it seems to reside in the rain forests on the African continent and in the Western Pacific. Although non-human primates have been a source of infection for humans, they are not thought to be the reservoir. They, like humans, are believed to be infected directly from the natural reservoir or through a chain of transmission from the natural reservoir.

On the African continent, Ebola infections of human cases have been linked to direct contact with gorillas, chimpanzees, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found dead in the rainforest. So far, the Ebola virus has been detected in the wild in carcasses of chimpanzees (in Côte-d’Ivoire and the Republic of the Congo), gorillas (Gabon and the Republic of the Congo) and duikers (the Republic of the Congo).

Different hypotheses have been developed to explain the origin of Ebola outbreaks. Laboratory observation has shown that bats experimentally infected with Ebola do not die, and this has raised speculation that these mammals may play a role in maintaining the virus in the tropical forest.

Extensive ecological studies have been carried out or are under way in the Republic of the Congo and Gabon to identify the Ebola's natural reservoir.



For more information visit:





Saturday, July 7, 2012

WHO: Undiagnosed Illness in Cambodia

The Ministry of Health of the Kingdom of Cambodia is conducting active investigation into the cause of a recent undiagnosed syndrome that has caused illness and deaths among children in the country.

Preliminary findings of the investigation identified a total of 74 cases who were hospitalised from April to 5 July 2012. Of these, 57 cases (including 56 deaths), presented a common syndrome of fever, respiratory and neurological signs, which is now the focus of the investigation.

The majority of the identified cases to date were under three years old. Most of them were from the southern and central parts of the country and received treatment at Kantha Bopha Children’s hospital, which is a reference paediatric hospital. Despite all efforts, many of the children died within 24 hours of admission.

Available samples have been tested at the Institut Pasteur in Cambodia. Although a causative agent remains to be formally identified, all these samples were found negative for H5N1 and other influenza viruses, SARS, and Nipah.

The Ministry of Health was first alerted to this by Kantha Bopha Children’s hospital in Phnom Penh, where the majority of the cases were hospitalised.

The Ministry of Health notified WHO about this event through the IHR notification mechanism as it met the criteria for notification of any event where the underlying agent or disease or mode of transmission is not formally identified.

WHO and partners are assisting the Ministry of Health with this event which focuses on hospitalised cases, early warning surveillance data, laboratory data and field investigations.

While this event is being actively investigated, the Government is also looking at other diseases occurring in the country, including dengue, hand-foot-mouth and Chikungunya.

Parents have been advised to take their children to hospital if they identify any signs of unusual illness. The Government is also reinforcing awareness of good hygiene practices to the public, which includes frequent washing of hands.

WHO | Undiagnosed illness in Cambodia - update





Sunday, June 24, 2012

Say No To House Bill 6195 - $50.00 OWWA Fee

Original Petition Preamble

On May 17, 2012 Rep. Ma. Theresa Bonoan-David (4th District, City of Manila), filed House Bill 6195 (HB 06195) that will require Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) to pay $50 as contribution to the Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA) Emergency Repatriation Fund before leaving the country.

HB 06195 seeks to amend Republic Act 8042 or the Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995, provides that for every worker recruited or deployed overseas, recruitment agency or its employer, in addition to the obligation to repatriate its workers shall contribute $50 to OWWA's Emergency Repatriation Fund.

HB 06195 was read on May 23, 2012 and was referred to the House Committee on Overseas Workers Affairs on the same date.

"The bill intends to provide the necessary measures for the government to carry out its responsibilities to assist distressed OFWs in cases of war, epidemic, disaster or calamities, natural or man-made, and other similar events, and promote their general welfare," Rep. Bonoan-David said.

"There are millions of OFWs all over the world which the Philippine government is mandated to protect and safeguard under RA 8042 but it seems incapable to efficiently help distressed OFWs due to financial constraints," Bonoan-David said.

Sources of information:

http://www.congress.gov.ph/press/details.php?pressid=6223&key=bonoan david http://www.congress.gov.ph/legis/search/hist_show.php?save=0&journal=&switch=0&bill_no=HB06195&congress=15



Petition published by Maria Elizabeth Embry on Jun 21, 2012
Region: GLOBAL 

Petition:

We, the undersigned urge the Members of the Philippine House Committee on Overseas Workers Affairs, the members of the Philippine House of Representatives and of the Senate to reject House Bill 6195 (HB 06195) filed by Rep. Ma. Theresa Bonoan-David (4th District, City of Manila) on May 17, 2012 that will require Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) to pay $50 as contribution to the Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA) Emergency Repatriation Fund before leaving the country.

We, the undersigned believe that the $50 will further burden the OFWs by adding to the cost of fees they currently pay, even before they leave home. All these financial obligations eventually lead into debt bondage.

We, the undersigned believe that the government in looking for funding should search beyond the pocketbooks of the OFWs. Milking cows get better treatment than the way our government burden the already overburdened OFWs. Buhay, pagod, luha at lungkot ang puhunan nang mga OFWs, huag na ho nating dagdagan ang hirap nila. Ang kailangan nila ay tulong, hindi pabigat sa buhay nila.

Therefore, we the undersigned urge all our legislators: OPPOSE HB 06195... REJECT HB 06195... SAY NO to HB 06195!


Petition signature and comment by the Author (#126) 
Date: June 23, 2012
Petition: SAY NO! HOUSE BILL 6195 FIFTY DOLLARS OWWA FEE
Petition signer's comment:

"House Bill 6195 filed by Representative Maria Theresa Bonoan-David (4th District, City of Manila) is so hypocritical, it is an outright declaration of war against the OFW. Everybody know damn well since time immemorial, POEA along with henchmens; OWWA, POLO, DFA, & Co. had architected, oversaw, and implemented assortment of sinister plots against the migrant workers. Majority of the OFW will not heed to regulations whose intention is to simply amass funds for use by government's disgusting bureaucracy or otherwise be diverted to subsidize corruption system of filthy bureaucrats and cohort politicians. The OWFs in general did not and will never ever benefit from the so-called government's mandate of hypocrisy, specifying its responsibility of protecting and safeguarding the welfare.

The lady representative must be cautious! She and her kind must not under estimate the invincibility and united supremacy of the OFWs because the OFWs can deliver a nasty rage should she continue or otherwise in future come up with an analogous"GARBAGE" which by the way is similar to Representative Maria Theresa Bonoan-David and the institution of imbeciles to which she belongs."

SAY NO! HOUSE BILL 6195 FIFTY DOLLARS OWWA FEE Petition | GoPetition



Thursday, June 7, 2012

2012: The Transit of Venus

On June 5 and 6, 2012 the planet Venus will pass in front of the Sun for the last time this century. Millions around the world will witness this rare astronomical phenomenon.


Venus appeared as a small dark dot crossing sun's face


What is a Transit of Venus?

A transit of Venus is the observed passage of the planet across the disk of the sun.  The planet Venus, orbiting the sun “on the inside track,” catches up to and passes the slower earth.  Venus, appearing as a small dot in the foreground, will move from left to right across the sun.  The word “transit” means passage or movement—in this case, across the face of the sun. 


What a transit of Venus looks like

Venus is about the same size as the Earth, but even though the planet is nearest to Earth at the time of a transit, it still looks very small at that distance. During the transit, Venus can be seen from Earth as a small black disk moving across the face of the Sun. It takes about 6 hours for the planet to move from the left side of the Sun (ingress) to the right side (egress).


Venus will travel from left to right


When the transit is about to commence, the planet comes into contact with the disc of the Sun. The planet then enters slowly upon the disc of the Sun until it touches the solar limb on the inside. From this point Venus advances across the Sun’s disc and when the planet’s black silhouette reaches the other side it touches the limb of the Sun on the inside first. Then the planet begins to pass off the Sun’s disc and finally comes into contact with the solar limb for the last time and the transit is at an end.


Where and when to be to observe the transit of Venus

The transit of Venus lasts for about 6 hours and occurs on Tuesday June 5 and Wednesday June 6. When you’re living in North America, you will see the first part of the transit before sunset on June 5. European observers will see the last part of the transit after sunrise on June 6. When you’re in the Pacific, East Asia and above the Arctic Circle, you can see the transit in its entirety. The following map shows the world visibility of the transit:


Map of where June 5-6, 2012 transit of Venus will be seen


Frequency of Transits
Transits of Venus have a strange pattern of frequency.  A transit will not have happened for about 121 ½ years (prior to 2004, the last one was 1882).  Then there will be one transit (such as the one in 2004) followed by another transit of Venus eight years later (in the year 2012).  Then there will be a span of about 105 ½ years before the next pair of transits occurs, again separated by eight years.  Then the pattern repeats (121 ½, 8, 105 ½, 8).

 

Venus transit pattern of frequency

Transit of Venus timeline


If Venus and the earth orbited the sun in the same plane as the sun, transits would happen frequently.  However, the orbit of Venus is inclined to the orbit of earth, so when Venus passes between the sun and the earth every 1.6 years, Venus usually is a little bit above or a little bit below the sun, invisible in the sun’s glare.

A similar thing happens with our moon.  Every month the moon passes between the sun and the earth, yet we do not see a solar eclipse every month.  That’s because the moon’s orbit is also slightly inclined to earth’s orbit, so the new moon is usually a little above or a little below the sun.  The transit of Venus is essentially an annular eclipse of the sun by Venus.


The 2004 and 2012 transits form a contemporary pair separated by 8 years. More than a century will elapse before the next pair of transits in 2117 and 2125. During the 6,000-year period from 2000 BC to AD 4000, a total of 81 transits of Venus occur.


Observing the Transit of Venus
You can observe the transit in two ways: either by direct viewing (unaided eye or through a pair of binoculars or a telescope), or by indirect viewing (projecting the Sun’s image). Either way, you should be cautious not to look at the Sun without proper protection: the Sun’s light is so intense; it blinds you instantly if you do.


Viewing the transit of Venus through a telescope



Direct viewing can already be done with special eclipse shades. Venus will be just large enough to discern its silhouette on the Sun. If you are planning to use binoculars or a telescope to watch the event, you should apply a special solar filter to the front end. These devices will provide a magnified image of the Sun, so you can follow the transit up close.


Last sun show this century. Last transit of Venus in our lifetimes!






Friday, March 30, 2012

Where will North Korea rocket debris fall?

The following transcript was written of text from a file report of Jojo Malig, ABS-CBNNews.com posted at 03/30/2012 4:39 AM | Updated as of 03/30/2012 6:33 AM.

MANILA, Philippines - The second stage of North Korea's long-range rocket is expected to fall just east of Luzon in the Philippines, Pyongyang has confirmed.

North Korea has informed the UN's International Maritime Organization where the rocket's parts will splash down, with the letter's contents apparently being leaked on the Internet.

The first stage of the rocket is expected to come down in waters west of South Korea, the Japanese government said.

The area where the rocket's first stage will fall was also revealed by an advisory made by Japanese maritime authorities, according to the Zarya space flight blog.

The impact site is found within an area enclosed by the following coordinates:

35 12 25N, 124 52 23E
35 12 13N, 124 30 34E
35 55 20N, 124 32 10E
35 55 10N, 124 50 25E


The rocket, which North Korea claims will carry satellite Kwangmyongsong-3 to Earth orbit, will continue on a southward trajectory before jettisoning its second stage in waters east of the Philippines.

The following coordinates enclose the impact site for the second stage:

15 08 19N, 124 46 15E
15 09 35N, 123 45 27E
19 24 32N, 123 54 26E
19 23 08N, 124 45 13E





View North Korea rocket flight path in a larger map


The coordinates where the rocket's second stage will drop have also been mentioned in advisories and a notice to airmen (NOTAM) issued by Japanese and Philippine maritime and aviation agencies.

A NOTAM issued by Manila urged aircraft pilots to exercise caution when travelling through airways A582, R597 and A590 during the rocket launch period.

"The air routes affected are A582, which goes from Jomalig island off the eastern coast of Mindanao to Japan’s Kyushu island via Miyako island; A590, which goes from Jomalig to just south of Tokyo; and R597, which feeds on to both preceding air routes from Calabarzon City, north of Manila," according to independent blog North Korea Tech.

Aside from the IMO, the International Civil Aviation Organization and the International Telecommunication Union have
been informed by Pyongyang on details about the rocket launch.

North Korea has started fueling the rocket, according to a report on Thursday by Reuters.

The Philippine government has reportedly sought US help to track the long-range rocket.

"Of course we need the help of the United States to monitor the path because we don't have that capability," Defense Secretary Voltaire Gazmin said. "But with our alliances, we will be provided with the necessary information. We should know the details so that we will know how to inform and warn our people who will be in the (rocket's) path."
On Thursday, Gazmin reiterated concern over the threat of debris falling from the rocket. "Our main concern here is the debris. If it explodes in the air, where will all that metal fall? We should know so that we will be able to warn all those who could get hit," he said.

Philippine government agencies have not disclosed to the public the exact area where the rocket's second-stage booster is expected to fall.
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